Iran violated global sanctions when it fired a medium-range ballistic missile in October because it was capable of carrying a nuclear weapon, the United Nations said.
A resolution was approved by consensus of the 35-nation board of the U.N.’s International Atomic Energy Agency.
It means that some questions about the alleged weapons work may never be resolved.
“The IAEA will continue to undertake verification activities” and “we’ll have powerful new verification tools at our disposal”, IAEA director general Yukiya Amano said at a press briefing.
In his statement to the board, he said Tehran’s nuclear activities “have always been for peaceful civilian or conventional military uses”.
Mr Amano hailed the “very important milestone”.
“Iran’s cooperation was certainly not sufficient to close the overall PMD file”, the Washington-based Institute for Science and International Security – which closely tracks Iran’s nuclear dossier – said in a statement. “We can not be complacent”.
The resolution, which bans ballistic missile tests, was adopted in 2010 and will remain in effect until the July deal is implemented.
The board then ruled that Iran had cooperated with the investigation and that “this closes the board’s consideration of this item”.
He also said that at this stage, it has been agreed that Iran give its stockpiles of enriched uranium to Russian Federation and receive yellowcake in return.
Iran’s envoy to the agency, Reza Najafi, said Iran hoped to have the necessary curbs in place “within two to three weeks, to accelerate the implementation day as soon as possible”.
That roadmap granted the IAEA increased access to key materials and facilities in Iran throughout the fall, and led to a December 2 agency report which found Tehran had conducted activities consistent with weaponization work over the course of several years.
Once that happens, the European Union will lift financial and oil and sanctions.
In addition they say that without complete disclosure, the US and its friends cannot ignore the chance Tehran could assemble a weapon much more rapidly than now considered if it cheats on the atomic bargain.
On Tuesday, senior Iranian nuclear negotiator Abbas Araqchi also said that following the IAEA resolution, the removal of global and Western sanctions against Iran will begin in early January 2016, according to official IRNA news agency. It was the first test of a ballistic surface-to-surface missile after the landmark nuclear deal on July 14. Several economic restrictions were placed on Iran after allegations of development of nuclear weapons were made against Iran. The US reaction, however, is likely to take awhile.
The finding from the panel could trigger moves to impose sanctions on Iran for violating the resolution, although such a decision would require agreement from China and Russian Federation.