Iran and six world powers reached a landmark nuclear deal on July 14, and the Security Council gave its endorsement in a resolution on July 20 that also asked Iran not to test any ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, according to The Associated Press.
IAEA Director-General Yukiya Amano, however, said his bureau would subsequently need weeks to check that all the necessary measures, such as the removal of centrifuges that purify uranium as well as the decrease of Iran’s enriched-uranium stockpile, had been taken.
Upon receipt of the IAEA report by board members verifying Iran’s implementation of its relevant commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the probe of Tehran’s past suspected nuclear activities will be finished, according to the resolution.
Despite Iranian denials, the US and its allies continue to believe that Tehran did work on components of a nuclear weapon.
Resolution 1929 “decides that Iran shall not undertake any activity related to ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons, including launches using ballistic missile technology”. The move is seen as a key step towards lifting sanctions put in place by the United Nations, European Union (EU) and United States of America (USA) due to the Nuclear programme of Iran. The U.S. participated in drawing up the resolution ending the investigation along with the other nations that negotiated the deal with Iran – Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany. “We must remain mindful that we are not closing the agency’s ability to investigate any potential concerns that may arise”.
The envoy, Reza Najafi, was speaking shortly after the International Atomic Energy Agency’s 35-nation board chose to close its investigation of Iran’s past nuclear activities, throwing its support behind Tehran’s deal with major powers.
Reuters on Tuesday reviewed the 10-page report, which was dated December 11 and went to members of the Security Council’s Iran sanctions committee in recent days. “Iran is developing ICBM capabilities, and the sole goal of an Iranian ICBM is to enable delivery of a nuclear weapon to the United States”.
But the Vienna-based watchdog has also long sought to clear up allegations that until 2003, and possibly since, Iran also secretly sought to develop an actual nuclear weapon.
While ballistic missile tests may violate U.N. Security Council sanctions, council diplomats note that such launches are not a violation of the nuclear deal, which is focused on specific nuclear activities by Iran.
On February 1, 2013, John Forbes Kerry was sworn in as the 68th Secretary of State of the United States, becoming the first sitting Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman to become Secretary in over a century.
“Nothing has changed”, said Israel’s IAEA delegate, Merav Zafary-Odiz.
“While your administration has attempted to treat a Iran’s ballistic missile program as separate from Iran’s nuclear program, this approach does not withstand scrutiny”, Sens.